Egypt has over 850 miles (1400km) of coastline bathed by the waters of the Red Sea and Mediterranean. The Red Sea Riviera (the resort cities lying on the western shore of the Gulf of Aqaba and along the eastern coast of mainland Egypt south of the Gulf of Suez, including Sharm el-Sheikh) is without doubt one of the best snorkeling destinations in the world.

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Protected from the ocean currents, the waters of the Red Sea are particularly calm and enjoy high temperatures. These conditions have led to the development of a wealth of undersea life, dominated by hard and soft coral, and with a high percentage of species only to be found here. With over 200 species of coral (8% endemic), over 1000 species of fish (17% endemic) and 1000 species of invertebrates, the waters of Egypt offer an endless spectacle to visitors.

The most popular snorkeling destinations on Red Sea Egyptian coastline, from north to south, are Tawa, Nuweiba, Dahab (and its world famous Blue Hole), Sharm El-Sheikh (and the world’s famous Tiran Island, and Ras Muhammad), Hurghada (and the Giftun Islands) and Marsa Alam, the southernmost town in the Red Sea Rivieria.

Snorkeling Report Egypt
Gordon Reef, bluecheek butterflyfish and reef drop-off at Ras Um Sid

Many snorkeling spots are accessible from the shore, edged by a narrow fringing reef ending in a drop off facing the open sea. The coral, which rise to the surface of the water, literally "drops" towards the ocean depths in a wealth of colours and shapes.

Egyptian reefs are home to exceptional underwater sea life: shoals of surgeonfish, anthias, angelfish, endemic Red Sea clownfish, butterflyfish (including the unique Bluecheek butterflyfish), and a whole host of other species. Encounters with turtles, rays or sharks are possible, but remain rare. The gentleness of the waves, the excellent visibility and the proximity of the reef drop-offs from the beaches all add to the quality and simplicity of snorkeling here.
When to go to Egypt?

Snorkeling is possible all the year round in Red Sea coasts of Egypt, where the water temperature is relatively constant, around 77°F/25°C. The climate, which is dry and hot in this part of Egypt, becomes sweltering from mid-June to mid-September, when the temperatures can get up to 104°F/40°C. In winter, snorkeling can be trickier because of the wind and the air temperature, which is cooler (don’t forget your rashguard). April, May, September and October are the best months to explore the region.

Where to spot them?

Red Sea clownfish

Common at Ras Um Sid and Dahab's Blue Hole

Bluecheek butterflyfish

Common at Ras Um Sid

Emperor angelfish

On all spots, but uncommon

Sohal surgeonfish

On all spots, abundant at Ras Um Sid

Sea goldie

On all spots, especially in the Blue Hole

Arabian Picasso triggerfish

On all spots

Eritrean butterflyfish

On all spots

Red Sea bannerfish

On all spots

Giant clam

On all spots, particularly numerous at Ras Um Sid

Klunzinger’s wrasse

On all spots

Masked puffer

On all spots

  • Obula

    I plan to visit sharm al sheik in month of march , we are family with kids of 2 and 5 yrs old . we don”t know swimming . For us which one is better either blue hole tourism or tiran island tourism .we will stay for one and half day only ..regards

  • Jan Martínek

    I am at Four Seasons in Sharm. The coral is in goos shape but little fish. Last time I was in Sharm there was great number of parrot and other coral fish around. Now it is peehaps 10%. Is this all over Sharm, or just Four Seasons problem?