Clownfish species identification guide


Clownfish -or anemonefish- include 30 species divided into two genera: Amphiprion and Premnas. They are part of the Pomacentridae family (damselfish), but we prefer to present them here on a dedicated page. You can find here the page with the other species of damselfish.

A unique relationship with sea anemones

Clownfish -or anemonefish- are certainly the most popular of reef fish. They belong to the damselfish family, and are known for their ability to live among the tentacles of sea anemones. Clownfish color varies from orange, red, pink, and even yellow or black, with white bars or stripes on their bodies, depending on the species. Colorful, they are wonderfully photogenic. Watching a clownfish swimming up and down and “playing” in its sea anemone is one of the most captivating sights of a coral reef life.

Where are the different anemonefish species found?

The most famous clownfish in popular culture is the ocellaris clownfish, the main character from the 2003 animated film Finding Nemo, but the clownfish family comprises nearly 30 other different species. Clownfish are found in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the western Pacific Ocean. They are totally absent in the Caribbean and Atlantic regions, as well as in the eastern Pacific Ocean (including the Hawaiian Islands). Clark’s anemonefish is the most widely distributed clownfish, present from eastern Africa to the Western Pacific, while the ocellaris clownfish is spread from the west coast of Thailand to eastern Australia and the Solomon Islands. Some other species have very restricted distribution areas, such as the Oman anemonefish, only found on the Arabian Sea coast of Oman, and the Mauritian anemonefish, endemic to Mauritius and Réunion. Only one species (the Red Sea clownfish) inhabits the Red Sea.

Indo-Pacific anemonefish

Red Sea anemonefish

Do you like clownfish?

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Marine life ID guide

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fish-id-guides

Have a look at the best identification fish guides to learn more about marine life!

Want to learn more about the species you observed or photographed under water? The identification guides are true treasures for those curious to know about the undersea world! These books show, in the form of images or drawings, the species of certain environments (such as coral reefs) or certain regions of the world (such as the Mediterranean, the Caribbean or the Red Sea). If some guides are limited to fish, others describe all the local underwater fauna and flora. True scientific works, the identification guides are also a beautiful way to prepare for our future snorkeling explorations!